Judith Carroll & Co

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Kilkenny
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The site is situated in the very heart of the medieval city of Kilkenny, in the area of High Town, the earliest part of the Anglo-Norman settlement of the city which dates from perhaps as early as 1170 (Bradley 2000). On its west side, the site is bounded by the city walls, which were built, between 1250 and 1350 AD (Bradley 1975-6, 86). On its east side is Patrick Street and Pudding lane which extends to the north of Patrick Street. Patrick Street is presently lined by Georgian and later houses, but was once probably the most prosperous area of the city. Petty's map (Pettys map circa 1655) shows that from the 'St. Patrick's Gate' entrance to the walled town (St. Patrick Gate was about half way up present day Patrick Street) to the juncture of roads at the north end of Patrick Street, there were substantial houses with long back gardens extending towards, but not reaching, the city walls. These properties were on the area excavated. On Petty's map, the gardens of these properties seem to extend between half and two thirds of the distance east-west between Patrick Street and the city walls.

Kilkenny City grew from its early medieval foundations west of the river Nore. The earliest settlement, the Martartech, or settled area, of Mag Roigne is likely to have been established in the 5th century (Bradley 2000). The earliest Christian foundation was dedicated to St. Patrick, and the remains of this foundation are represented by th medieval graveyard at the south end of Patrick Street. The name Cill Chainnigh derives from the early medieval foundation of Canices Church, attributed to St. Canice or one of his disciples. This early medieval ecclesiastical establishment is positioned at the north end of the city.



 

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Judith Carroll & Co Ltd
Archaeological Consultants
Ballybrack Road 
Glencullen
Dublin 18 

Tel: 01 6705067
Mobile: 087-9968819/ 087-3810933
Email: info@judithcarrollandco.ie
Website: www.judithcarrollandco.ie


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